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Story Emergency Maternity and Infant Care (1943–1946) 5-4

Chapter 2   Assistance to States & Tribes

African American GI and his family seeking assistance through the WWII Emergency Maternity and Infant Care program.
African American GI and his family seeking assistance through the WWII Emergency Maternity and Infant Care program.
Photo Credit: National Archives
Emergency Maternity and Infant Care (1943–1946) – The Children’s Bureau’s Emergency Maternity and Infant Care program provided care for the wives and children of U.S. servicemen deployed during World War II.

Funds from the maternal and child health program of the Social Security Act covered the cost of medical, hospital, and nursing care. In the program’s 6 years, about 1.5 million cases were authorized for care, making this the most extensive single public medical care program that had ever been undertaken in the United States.

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