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Story Social Security Act (1935) 5-3

Chapter 2   Assistance to States & Tribes

President Franklin Delano Roosevelt signs the Social Security Act in the White House, circa 1935.
President Franklin Delano Roosevelt signs the Social Security Act in the White House, circa 1935.
Photo Credit: Copyright Bettmann/CORBIS
Social Security Act (1935) – Under Title V of the Social Security Act of 1935, the Children’s Bureau was given responsibility for three important children’s programs: maternal and child health, services for “crippled children,” and child welfare services.

This represented an entirely new level of Federal-State cooperation in child welfare. The Bureau consulted with many States as they developed plans to use the funds to create or improve public child welfare services, particularly in rural areas. Bureau staff also were available to review proposed State legislation and cooperate or assist with special studies upon request. In fact, consultation to State and local agencies became one of the Bureau’s major functions, planting the seeds of a legacy that continues today.

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